Tag Archives: vegetation in sikkim

sikkim flora and fauna

sikkim flora and fauna
Shingba Rhododendron Sanctuary, Sikkim
Shingba Rhododendron Sanctuary (Area – 43 square kilometers / Altitude 3048 meters – 4575 meters) is located in North Sikkim in the famous Lachung Valley at a distance of 137 kilometers from Gangtok, the sanctuary is bounded on its southern periphery by the Yumthang Valley known for its alpine meadow and hot springs. It is hemmed in on the east by high rugged Chuba – Sagochen mountain ranges and on the west by part of Chomzomei Tso. The picturesque Lachung Chu flows through the sanctuary, which is known for its unique abundance of Rhododendron trees and shrubs, 40 odd species of which are recorded from Sikkim alone, that ablaze in color during March – May. Rhododendron nevium the state tree occurs throughout the sanctuary, which is also rich in flora such as primulas, potentillas, gentians, larch, juniper, maple with trailing lichens. Other trees include silver fir, spruce. Lachung is the last frontier village before reaching the sanctuary. 
Fambong La Wild Life Sanctuary, Sikkim 
Fambong La Wildlife Sanctuary is located at a distance of 25 kilometers from Gangtok and has an area of 51.76 square kilometers. The main vegetation is oak, katus, kimbu, champ with thick bamboo forests and ferns. The Sanctuary is also home to a large number of wild orchids, rhododendrons etc. The richly forested area is known to be a home for various species of wild animals. Some of the birds found in abundance are the Blood Pheasants, Satyr Tragopan, Osprey, Himalayan griffon, Lammergeyers, snow pigeon, Impeyan pheasants, sunbirds & eagles. 
Kanchendzonga National Park, Sikkim 
The Kanchendzonga National Park is situated in the North District of Sikkim, spreading over an area of 850 square kilometers. The elevation range from 1800 meters to 8600 meters approximately, one of the highest park in the country. The area of the park of spectacular wilderness with one of the highest mountain peaks towering above virtually undisturbed forest cover. There are many glaciers in the park area. Amongst them the Zemu Glacier is the longest and most awesome. The lofty Mt. Kanchendzonga (8585 meters) which literally means ‘Abode of Gods consisting of five Treasure Houses’ including the five peaks are Narshing , Pandim, Simvo, Kabru and Siniolchu. The most beautiful amongst these peaks are Mt. Pandim, Mt. Narshing and Mt. Siniolchu which lie in the park area. The topography and the peaks along with the forest wilderness attract nature & adventure lovers from all over the world. Birds are found in abundance here like the Blood Pheasants, Satyr Tragopan, Osprey, Himalayan griffon, Lammergeyers, snow pigeon, Impeyan pheasants, sunbirds & eagles.
The variation of altitude and vegetation has enriched the park area with rich variety of flora. The temperate broad leaved forest are dominated by Qurcus spp, Schima Spp, Castanopsis Spp, Acer Spp, Birch Betula Spp, Himalayan Larch, Lari griffithi etc. In the Alpine scrub and grass the common shrubs found are Mecohopsis, Primula Rhododendron, etc. besides these there are many medicinal plants. Among the fauna to be found in the park area is the famous Snow Leopard. The other animals are Clouded Leopard, Himalayan black bear, Red panda, Blue Sheep, Musk deer, Himalayan thar, Lesser Cats, Tibetan wolf, Serow, Great Tibetan sheep.
Kyongnosla Alpine Sanctuary, Sikkim 
It is situated some 26 kilometers from Gangtok At an altitude of 3292 meters to 4116 meters on way to Tsongo Lake, this 3100 hectares sanctuary abounds in Alpine flowers like Poppies, Primulas and rhododendrons. Musk Deer, Serow, Himalayan black deer, Red panda, lesser cats, Blood Peasant are some of the species found. The best period to visit Kyongnosla is July – Sept. The sanctuary is rich both in flora and fauna, Rare, endangered ground orchids and rhododendrons interspersed among tall junipers and taller silver firs are among the important plants present